Gran Sasso National Laboratory (LNGS) is one of the four national laboratories of INFN (National Institute for Nuclear Physics).
The other laboratories of INFN are based in Catania, Frascati (Rome) and Legnaro (Padua); the whole network of laboratories house large equipment and infrastructures available for use by the national and international scientific community.
The National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) is the Italian research agency dedicated to the study of the fundamental constituents of matter and the laws that govern them, under the supervision of the Ministry of Education, Universities and Research (MIUR). It conducts theoretical and experimental research in the fields of subnuclear, nuclear and astroparticle physics.
It was founded in 1951 by groups of researchers from the universities of Rome, Padua, Torino and Milan. It consists of 20 Divisions, 4 National Laboratories and 3 National Centres, namely the Center for Telematics and Informatics (CNAF), the National Center for Advanced Studies Galileo Galiei Institute(GGI) in Florence, the Center for Technology TIFPA in Trento.
Divisions are located in the major Italian Universities and are strictly connected to the academic world. The National Laboratories closely collaborate with the national and international scientific community.
INFN plays a key role in the Italian scientific research community; its workforce includes about 2000 of its own employees, almost 3000 university employees involved in INFN research and 1500 young researchers.
All of the INFN’s research activities are undertaken within a framework of international competition, in close collaboration with Italian universities on the basis of solid academic partnerships spanning decades. Fundamental research in these areas requires the use of cutting-edge technology and instruments, developed by the INFN at its own laboratories and in collaboration with industries.
Scientific research is focused on the five main lines of research, coordinated by five National Scientific Committees (CSN): Subnuclear Physics, Astroparticle Physics, Nuclear Physics, Theoretical Physics, Technological and inter-disciplinary research.
INFN carries out research activities at two complementary types of facilities: divisions and national laboratories. Each of the 20 divisions and the 11 groups linked to the divisions or laboratories are based at different university physics departments and guarantee close collaboration between the INFN and the academic world.